ambient air pollutionparticulate pollutants

  • Particle Pollution and Cardiovascular Effects US EPA

    May 27, 2021 · Several studies identify an increase in inflammatory mediators and endothelial activation biomarkers after ambient particle pollution and urban air pollution exposure (i.e., C-reactive protein (CRP), TNF-alpha, prostaglandin E2, CRP, interleukin-1b, and endothelin-1) (Pope et al., 2004 Calderón-Garcidueñas et al., 2008).

  • Long-Term Ambient Air Pollution Exposures and Circulating

    Baseline repeated measures from controlled human exposure studies associations between ambient air pollution exposure and the systemic inflammatory biomarkers IL-6 and fibrinogen. Environ Health Perspect 118(1) 120–124, PMID , 10.1289/ehp.. Link, Google Scholar

  • Effects of Ambient Air Pollution on Blood Pressure Among

    May 04, 2021 · The search strategies were composed of keywords related to ambient air pollutants (air pollution, particulate matter [PM], particles, air pollutants, SO X, SO 2, NO x, NO 2, O 3, and CO), BP (hypertension, high BP, hypertensive, BP, systolic BP [SBP], diastolic BP [DBP]) and children/adolescents (child, children, childhood, adolescent, teenager

  • Ambient air pollution, traffic noise and adult asthma

    We investigated the effects of both ambient air pollution and traffic noise on adult asthma prevalence, using harmonised data from three European cohort studies established in (HUNT3, Lifelines and UK Biobank).Residential exposures to ambient air pollution (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤10 µm (PM 10) and nitrogen dioxide (NO 2)) were estimated by a pan-European

  • Common air pollutants and their health effectsAir quality

    Jun 25, 2021 · The common air pollutants are Particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) Ozone (O3) Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) Carbon monoxide (CO) Sulphur dioxide (SO2) Further information on what you can do to limit your exposure to air pollution can be found in the Health Activity Guide on the NSW Department of Planning Industry and Environment website.

  • Contribution of Household Air Pollution to Ambient Air

    Communication19 describes a study led by HEI’s Ghana Working Group evaluating the contribution of air pollution to ambient fine particle air pollution in Ghana, as well as its impact on health.

  • Ambient air pollutionWHO

    Air pollution represents the biggest environ-mental risk to health. In 2012, one out of every nine deaths was the result of air pollution-rela-ted conditions. Of those deaths, around 3 mil-lion are attributable solely to ambient (outdoor) air pollution. Air pollution affects all regions, settings, socioeconomic groups, and age groups.

  • Acute effect of ambient air pollution on stroke mortality

    Acute effect of ambient air pollution on stroke mortality in the China air pollution and health effects study. Chen R(1), Zhang Y, Yang C, Zhao Z, Xu X, Kan H. Author information (1)School of Public Health, Key Lab of Public Health Safety of the Ministry of Education, Fudan Tyndall Centre, Shanghai, China. [email protected]

  • The Effects of Air Pollution and Temperature on COPD

    COPD exacerbations. Several studies link outdoor air pollution to increased risk of COPD exacerbations. The Air Pollution and Health, a European Approach (APHEA) project analyzed data from 6 European cities and found increased risk of COPD hospital admissions with several air pollutants, including NO 2, O 3, sulfur dioxide (SO 2) and black smoke ().A study of PM 10 and hospital

  • Common air pollutants and their health effectsAir quality

    Jun 25, 2021 · The common air pollutants are Particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) Ozone (O3) Nitrogen dioxide (NO2)

  • Ambient air pollution in selected small cities in India

    Apr 01, 2021 · Exposure to ambient air pollution is a major threat to human health in most Indian cities. Recent studies have reported that more than three-quarters of the people in India are exposed to pollution levels higher than the limits recommended by the National Ambient Air Quality Standards in India and significantly higher than those recommended by the World Health Organization.

  • Ambient Air Pollution Health Hazards to Children

    Jun 01, 2021 · Ambient air pollution is produced by sources including vehicular traffic, coal-fired power plants, hydraulic fracturing, agricultural production, and forest fires. It consists of primary pollutants generated by combustion and secondary pollutants formed in the atmosphere from precursor gases. Air pollution causes and exacerbates climate change, and climate change worsens health effects of air

  • Federal Register Review of the National Ambient Air

    Apr 30, 2020 · The Administrator is to list those pollutants “emissions of which, in his judgment, cause or contribute to air pollution which may reasonably be anticipated to endanger public health or welfare” “the presence of which in the ambient air results from numerous or diverse mobile or stationary sources” and for which he “plans to issue

  • Ambient Particulate Air Pollution and Blood Pressure in

    Background Evidence linking long-term exposure to particulate air pollution to blood pressure (BP) in high-income countries may not be transportable to low- and middle-income countries. We examined cross-sectional associations between ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and black carbon (BC) with BP (systolic [SBP] and diastolic [DBP]) and prevalent hypertension in adults from 28 peri

  • Ambient air pollutants and hospital visits for pneumonia

    Jan 07, 2021 · Pneumonia is one of the principal reasons for incidence and death in the world. The former research mainly concentrated on specific sources of patients. Besides, due to the heterogeneity among regions, there are inconsistencies in the outcome of these surveys. To explore the relationship between atmospheric pollution and hospital visits for pneumonia under the climate and pollution

  • Particulate Matter Air PollutionA.P. Environmental

    National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) The Clean Air Act, which was last amended in 1990, requires EPA to set National Ambient Air Quality Standards for pollutants considered harmful to public health and the environment. The Clean Air Act established two types of national air quality standards.

  • Six Common Air PollutantsLow VOC Industrial Cleaners

    Feb 28, 2018 · The six common air pollutants are Particle Pollution (particulate matter) Ground-level ozone. Carbon monoxide. Sulfur oxides. Nitrogen oxides. Lead. These pollutants can have a terrible impact on the health of anyone who is exposed, which means every single person in the entire country. The pollutants can also protract a horrible affectation

  • Prenatal exposure to ambient air pollutants and early

    Jun 05, 2021 · Prior epidemiological and animal work has linked in utero exposure to ambient air pollutants (AAP) with accelerated postnatal weight gain, which is predictive of increased cardiometabolic risk factors in childhood and adolescence. However, few studies have assessed changes in infant body composition or multiple pollutant exposures. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine

  • Association Between Ambient Air Pollution Exposure and

    Background Spontaneous pneumothorax is hypothesized to be associated with air pollution exposure based on pathophysiological mechanisms involving airway inflammation. Therefore, we analyzed the association between daily concentrations of air pollutants [sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide (NO 2), carbon monoxide (CO), ozone (O 3), particulate matter (PM) less than 2.5 μm in diameter (PM 2.5

  • Effects of chronic exposure to ambient air pollutants

    Background Exposure to ambient air pollution is related to 4.2 million premature deaths per year worldwide and is associated with a variety of adverse health outcomes, such as respiratory and

  • Air pollutants and standards Wisconsin DNR

    The Clean Air Act requires the EPA to set National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for criteria pollutants, including sulfur dioxide. The largest sources of SO2 emissions nationally are fossil fuel combustion at power plants (73%) and other industrial facilities (20%).

  • AAP policy Ambient air pollution a preventable risk

    May 17, 2021 · The cardiovascular toxicity and carcinogenicity of ambient air pollutants have been well-documented, and ongoing exposure to air pollution may lead to adult chronic disease such as cardiovascular disease and lung cancer. Effective strategies. Air pollution mitigation is possible through both individual and policy changes.

  • Final Decision to Retain the National Ambient Air Quality

    Dec 21, 2020 · On December 7, 2020, after carefully reviewing the most recent available scientific evidence and technical information, and consulting with the Agency’s independent scientific advisors, EPA is announcing it will retain, without revision, the existing primary (health-based) and secondary (welfare-based) National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for particulate matter.

  • Long-Term Effects of Ambient Air Pollution on Lung

    Lung function is an important measure of respiratory health and a predictor of cardiorespiratory morbidity and mortality. Over the past 2 decades, more than 50 publications have investigated long-term effects of ambient air pollution on lung function with most finding adverse effects.

  • Fine particulate pollution and ambient air quality A case

    Nov 10, 2020 · Instruments for measurement. The air quality datasets utilized in the current study includes ambient mean concentration of six criteria pollutants, which includes PM 2.5 and trace gases (NO X, SO 2, CO, O 3 and NH 3) at the selected monitoring station.The instruments available at the monitoring site for the measurement of PM 2.5 and trace gases have been discussed in detail by

  • Nonattainment Areas for Criteria Pollutants (Green Book

    Jul 15, 2021 · Nonattainment Areas for Criteria Pollutants (Green Book) The EPA Green Book provides detailed information about area National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) designations, classifications and nonattainment status. Information is current as of the Green Book posted date and is available in reports, maps and data downloads.

  • Air pollution-particulate matter County Health Rankings

    The relationship between elevated air pollution (especially fine particulate matter and ozone) and compromised health has been well documented. [1,2] Negative consequences of ambient air pollution include decreased lung function, chronic bronchitis, asthma, and other adverse pulmonary effects.

  • Air PollutionOur World in Data

    Air pollution is one of the world’s leading risk factors for death, attributed to 5 million deaths each year. Air pollution is attributed to 9% of deaths globally. It is also one of the leading risk factors for disease burden. Death rates from air pollution are highest in low-to-middle income countries, with more than 100-fold differences in

  • Health Effects of Particulate Air Pollution

    Air Pollution . 2200 Wilson Boulevard * Suite 310 * Arlington, VA * (202) . October 14, 2014 . This report compiles and summarizes recent studies and research programs that have been conducted on the effects of air pollution particulate matter on human health. Executive Summary. Air Pollution Linked With Thickeni. D • Ultrafine PM

  • Air Pollution Particulate Matter Alters Antimycobacterial

    May 12, 2015 · Inhalation exposure to indoor air pollutants and cigarette smoke increases the risk of developing tuberculosis (TB). Whether exposure to ambient air pollution particulate matter (PM) alters protective human host immune responses against Mycobacterium tuberculosis has been little studied. Here, we examined the effect of PM from Iztapalapa, a municipality of Mexico City, with aerodynamic

  • Ambient (outdoor) air pollution

    May 02, 2018 · Background. Outdoor air pollution is a major environmental health problem affecting everyone in low-, middle-, and high-income countries. Ambient (outdoor) air pollution in both cities and rural areas was estimated to cause 4.2 million premature deaths worldwide per year in 2016 this mortality is due to exposure to small particulate matter of 2.5 microns or less in diameter (PM 2.5),